What Is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a long-term disorder of the vascular system of the facial skin, and primarily affects those with pale skin.  People with darker skins can also get rosacea, but the signs are less obvious. Rosacea is more common in women (particularly during menopause) than men, and most often affects adults between 30 and 60 years of age.

What are the symptoms of Rosacea?

The onset of Rosacea is characterised by a chronically red centre of the face, including the cheeks and/or nose, often appearing in flushes that are accompanied by an uncomfortable sensation.  This leads to sudden dilation of capillaries along with heat (flushing), itching, redness, and often with small papules (lumps) which may become pustules. There may be swelling and flaking skin.

The vasodilation (flushing) occurs from a number of triggering factors varying from person to person including:

  • exercise
  • hot or spicy foods and drinks
  • alcohol consumption
  • incorrect skin care products
  • sun exposure, which breaks down the supportive collagen around the blood capillaries - the sun in Christchurch and New Zealand is very extreme
  • extreme warm or cold temperatures - eg going outside into the frost from a warm room
  • exposure to chemicals
  • some medications
  • digestive disorders
  • physical or emotional stress
  • microscopic skin mites (Demodex)
  • hormonal changes of the connective tissue under the skin
  • vitamin A deficiency

 As the rosacea progresses, other symptoms appear such as; persistent flushing and redness caused by blood vessels under the skin dilating, persistent redness and papules (pink bumps) and pustules (bumps containing pus) on the skin, and several other conditions involving the skin, eyes, and nose.

Closeup of skin withrosacea

If left untreated, the skin can become a deep shade of red and very inflamed. At this stage, numerous pustules are often present, and nodules in the skin may become painful. Over time the nose may become thickened and misshapen, and the eyes affected, if rosacea is not treated.

What Causes Rosacea?

Doctors do not know the exact cause of rosacea.  Some people may inherit a tendency to develop the disorder (intrinsic) or it may be developed (extrinsic).  It is believed that rosacea is a vascular disorder where blood vessels dilate too easily, resulting in flushing and redness. This leaves the blood vessels both weaker and closer to the surface of the skin, and therefore more visible.

Rosacea is always triggered by certain factors, as mentioned in the list above.

Rosacea or Acne?

While both conditions in adults are often informally referred to as "adult acne", they are two separate disorders, each requiring different therapy. Acne has no relationship to Rosacea other than the similarity in appearance of some of the lesions on the skin surface and associated inflammation.  It may resemble acne, but there will be no open or closed comedones. Rosacea is linked to the vascular network of the central facial skin and causes redness, bumps, pimples and other symptoms that rarely go beyond the face.

Further information on Rosacea

Image of Rosacea - Heal Irritated Skin, 35Kb

Can Rosacea Be Cured?

There is no cure for rosacea but it can be very effectively treated and the symptoms greatly reduced. The goals of rosacea treatment are to control the condition and improve the appearance of your skin. Depending on the severity of your rosacea, it may take several weeks or months of treatment before you notice a significant improvement. 

In the later stages of rosacea, when the skin is very inflamed and episodes of flushing occur, the sebaceous glands are stimulated and follicles irritated which causes red papules and pustules on the cheek and nose areas. This sudden flushing of blood to the face triggers a release of a biochemicals in the skin that triggers the growth of new blood vessels. This further increases the chance of flushing, making this skin disorder self-perpetuating.  Thus, early treatment is recommended.

Treatment results with our clients have shown that long term use of topical Vitamin A, C and antioxidants strengthen the skin's defences, and strengthen the collagen and elastin tissue surrounding the weak blood capillaries, which leads to a huge  improvement in rosacea.

Vitamin A

  • is a skin repairer and improves the healing process
  • repairs UV damage and the DNA of the cells
  • strengthens fine skin
  • improves the quality of collagen and elastin

Vitamin C

  • reduces high colour
  • repairs UV and free radical damage
  • improves capillary strength
  • improves the quantity of collagen and elastin

Environ skin care products contain high levels of Vitamin A, C, antioxidants and growth factors to enable the skin to regain optimum health.

For rosacea problems we will work with you to develop an individual skin improvement plan to suit your lifestyle, budget and treatment expectations.  This requires regular consistent clinic treatments and a commitment to home care.

It is important to start your treatment journey with our advanced skin analysis so we may determine the severity of your rosacea, as well as the best path of treatment for your particular skin health needs. and we will arrange your first appointment and get you on the road to rosacea free skin.

We have several treatments for rosacea available at our Christchurch rooms.  One such treatment is:

Colostrum DF Treatment

The Colostrum DF treatment is specially designed to strengthen the immune system of the skin, and is a common path of clinical treatment for those with Rosacea, supported by daily skin care at home.  This skin treatment can also be very helpful for those with irritated, fragile, thin, menopausal, and actively acneic skins.

Duration: 75 mins .................................................$149.00